When we hear of plasticine, then in our minds there are striking images from childhood. Why is our memory is drawn specifically to childhood?
It is in childhood for the first time we are all about the existence of clay and find out. But it appears that this material can serve as an indispensable tool for artistic work in the picturesque genre. Yes, the clay can draw pictures.
This is one of the newest types of painting that artists began to use recently.
What is clay?
What is it melting in the hands of the magic weight? If we turn to the dictionary Ozhegova, it can be read as follows: "Plasticine - a plastic material for molding, consisting of clay and wax with added fats, petroleum jelly and other substances that prevent drying out."
Our modern plasticines in quality can vary widely. There are more dense in its hardness. And there is the opposite, soft, soft, easily melted. As well as soft, varied, and the color spectrum of clay, offered in-store sets.
But by using clay as paint, you can get the desired hue by mixing one color of clay to another.
How to mix different colors of clay?
Palette of paint mixing may be the same as in ordinary mixing, for example, oil paints, but the process differs in that the pieces of clay is usually mixed directly into the hands until a uniform color. It is worth warning that confuse more than two, at most, three different colors is undesirable, since the brightness of the color tone may be slightly dry up, that is to get some "humiliation". With the mixing of different colored clay can get more complex colors.
So, for example, if colored clay mixed with a small amount of black, you get more deep rich dark tone of the color tone, which we joined the black. If the color plasticines mixed with white, then all they will get pastel colors. For example, if a homogeneous compound of white and colored clay, red becomes pink, green - lettuce, blue - blue and purple - purple.
What are the techniques and methods of drawing clay?
Technique itself causing clay can be different. Each artist in this respect their individual techniques, their so-called style, or the handwriting, which can recognize the author. Here I would like to stop and tell a little bit more about some of the techniques and methods of drawing plasticine.
Let us recall the works of artists-impressionists. What is their pictures are different from the works of other masters?
Impressionist painters used an unusual method of laying brush strokes on canvas. They have big juicy brushstrokes convey the desired shape and volume. A big colorful strokes give the illusion of mobility, flicker.
Around the same way you can paint and clay, plasticine causing strokes on primed canvas. Smears of plasticine look a little relief, but this peculiar feature emphasizes the uniqueness of the chosen means of painting.
There are 11,111,114. another way to paint clay 11,111,115. . But he looks more like a decorative technique because like something between the applique and painting. To draw in this way to vyleplivat or in part, or all components parts of the future image, causing them to Plasticine "canvas".
Plasticine art offers huge scope for the imagination of the artist on the type of coating clay smears and texture to the choice of color of color, which visually looks remarkably fresh, juicy and rich.
Surface swabs of plasticine may look different. Everything depends on the artistic conception of the author. The very texture may resemble silk, glass or ceramics, if you try to make it smooth and shiny. To do this, before smoothing his fingers plasticine surface lightly moisten the fingers in the water. But only slightly, to cardboard base in any case not soaked.
You can make the surface of the picture a bit rough. For this purpose, various methods applied to a surface plasticine images embossed dots, lines, stripes, or convolutions which some curly lines.
You can work not only fingers, but stacks. This is a special auxiliary tools. You can also try to use to get thinner clay strands of glass or plastic syringes, without needles, syringes can be for confectionery purposes.
To do this, remove the plunger from the syringe and place to put plasticine "sausage". Then, insert the edge of the piston, closing access to the cavity syringe. Now we need a well-heated syringe under running hot water. If you squeeze the piston softening of the clay mass, obtained by graceful lines that give the songs a graceful finesse.
The shape of the components plasticine paintings can be round, spherical or cylindrical pieces or strokes, and the general visual perception seem like a mosaic. Plasticine art somehow resembles an oil painting.
Is it better to use as background for his painting?
Usually artists are used for the background color waterproof tape or neutral colors. And you can simply paint over the background clay.
What is the best paint?
To draw a clay no restrictions. Everything depends on the courage of creative thought, the brightness of ideas and artistic imagination. Using plasticine, as among the watercolors, oil paintings and gouache compositions erupt extraordinary landscapes, still lifes and delicious recognizable portraits. These plasticine "works" imbued with the warm hands of the artists who created them, and perhaps that is why they emit some kind of special power, like a little fairy tale. And the tale is revealed only to those who know how to let her into your everyday world, rather than letting it become stale.
Monotype by Jules Henri Lengrand
Monotyping is a type of printmaking made by drawing or painting on a smooth, non-absorbent surface. The surface, or matrix, was historically a copper etching plate, but in contemporary work it can vary from zinc or glass to acrylic glass. The image is then transferred onto a sheet of paper by pressing the two together, usually using a printing-press. Monotypes can also be created by inking an entire surface and then, using brushes or rags, removing ink to create a subtractive image, e.g. creating lights from a field of opaque colour. The inks used may be oil based or water based. With oil based inks, the paper may be dry, in which case the image has more contrast, or the paper may be damp, in which case the image has a 10 percent greater range of tones.
Monotyping produces a unique print, or monotype; most of the ink is removed during the initial pressing. Although subsequent reprintings are sometimes possible, they differ greatly from the first print and are generally considered inferior. These prints from the original plate are called "ghost prints." A print made by pressing a new print onto another surface, effectively making the print into a plate, is called a "cognate". Stencils, watercolor, solvents, brushes, and other tools are often used to embellish a monotype print. Monotypes can be spontaneously executed and with no previous sketch.
The first synthetic dye was discovered in 1856 by william perkins and was derived from coal tar. There are currently more than 10,000 synthetic dyes in use today. Most dyes were originally made from various parts of plants, with some coming from insects, seashells and earth materials, such as clay, iron and copper salts.
Show students the plant materials listed below and ask which colors they think each might produce. create a list of plants and the colors students think will be made from them.
Explain to students that they will be making and using natural dyes and describe the process for extracting the color from the plants and the need to use fixatives when dying cloth. (fixatives bind the dye to the fabric fibers, so they do not wash out easily.)
Preparing natural dyes:
Select plant materials from the list provided below:
beets (deep red)
cranberries (light red)
purple grapes (purple)
red cabbage (purple)
yellow onion skin (warm orange/brown)
red onion leaves ( medium green)
spinach leaves (yellow/green)
brewed coffee and black tea will provide shades of brown.
Prepare ahead of time as many plant dyes as needed for students to paint with during the art session. Large amounts of dye are not needed for this project. Small amounts may be made, but the more colors available the better. directions follow.
In class the teacher will demonstrate how a natural dye is made. Using pre-cut plant materials cut into small pieces, the teacher will add the plant material to the pot. The teacher will add twice the amount of water as compared to the plant material (e.g., 2 cups plant material and 4 cups water). the teacher will place the pot on the heat source and simmer the mixture for approximately one hour, stirring occasionally. the mixture will reduce in volume by about a third. remove the pot from the heat and let it stand to cool. Put on protective gloves. strain the liquid into a glass jar. Label the jar with the type of plant used to make the dye. cover and store until ready to use.
Using with natural dyes:
Provide students with watercolor paper and protective gloves to keep them from becoming stained by the dyes.
Have students select an environmental theme and have them sketch a picture that depicts the theme onto their watercolor paper.
Set out the jars of natural dye at stations. explain which plants were used to produce each color. next to each jar of dye place several paintbrushes. explain to students that the colors should not be mixed on the brushes.
Students will use the dyes to give color to their sketches. explain to students it may take a few coats of layered color to produce a bright color.